- Prevents Gum Disease – While poor oral hygiene, no regular trips to your dentist and genetics play a role in gum disease, so does non-existent brushing or insufficient brushing. If you´ve had a meal or a snack and have not brushed or flossed or at least rinsed your mouth then there will be leftover food deposits in your mouth. As a consequence those food deposits encourage bacteria which harden and become plaque. This can be seen as a white or yellowish substance at the gum line or between the teeth. The bacteria in the plaque irritates the gums and causes inflammation and the gums bleed when you brush. This is also known as gingivitis and is the first stage of gum disease. The solution? Brush at least two or three times a day (three is ideal) to prevent plaque building up in the first place. And floss.
- Removes Stains on Teeth – The best way to do that is to have a good toothbrush and gentle toothpaste that you use at least twice a day. A soft toothbrush to be exact. For stains from coffee, red wine, ketchup and other teeth staining foods your toothbrush is your best defence.
- Maintains Fresh Breath – As the remains of your meal accumulate, subsequent bacteria in the mouth are going to accumulate as well. This results in bad breath or halitosis. To prevent bacteria from building up, brush your teeth regularly, at least twice a day. If you cannot brush after eating then rinse your mouth to help prevent food from becoming trapped between teeth.
- Reduces Chance of Major Illnesses – Just as a prolonged plaque build-up on teeth causes gum disease, a plaque build-up in the arteries causes a heart attack or stroke. Are they the same plaque? No, but according to the Mayo Clinic there may be a link between infected gums (gingivitis) and infected heart tissue (endocarditis). Nevertheless, as researchers do not until now understand the link, just that there is one, it is best to play it safe and treat one condition knowing that it may benefit you in treating another.
- Pregnancy – Changes in hormones cause greater gum sensitivity, therefore, pregnant women are more susceptible to gingivitis.
- Saves Money – If you ever wonder if you are brushing your teeth correctly, have your dentist explain the proper brushing technique. Being proactive by brushing and visiting your dentist regularly can result in having lower dental bills as your dentist knows what is happening in your mouth and will inform you of any changes.
Post by: Gerarda on 12 Apr 2016
The study wanted to determine if periodontitis played a role in dementia severity and progression.
A new study jointly led by the University of Southampton and King’s College London has found a link between gum disease and greater rates of cognitive decline in people with early stages of Alzheimer’s disease.
Periodontitis or gum disease is common in older people and may become more common in Alzheimer’s disease because of a reduced ability to take care of oral hygiene as the disease progresses. Higher levels of antibodies to periodontal bacteria are associated with an increase in levels of inflammatory molecules elsewhere in the body, which in turn has been linked to greater rates of cognitive decline in Alzheimer’s disease in previous studies.
The latest study, published in the journal PLOS ONE, set out to determine whether periodontitis or gum disease is associated with increased dementia severity and subsequent greater progression of cognitive decline in people with Alzheimer’s disease.
In the observational study, 59 participants with mild to moderate Alzheimer’s disease were cognitively assessed and a blood sample was taken to measure inflammatory markers in their blood. A dental hygienist who was blind to cognitive outcomes assessed participants’ dental health. The majority of participants (52) were followed-up at six months when all assessments were repeated.
The presence of gum disease at baseline was associated with a six-fold increase in the rate of cognitive decline in participants over the six-month follow-up period of the study. Periodontitis at baseline was also associated with a relative increase in the pro-inflammatory state over the six-month follow-up period. The authors conclude that gum disease is associated with an increase in cognitive decline in Alzheimer’s disease, possibly via mechanisms linked to the body’s inflammatory response.
Limitations of the study included the small number of participants; the authors advise that the study should be replicated ideally with a larger cohort. The precise mechanisms by which gum disease may be linked to cognitive decline are not fully clear and other factors might also play a part in the decline seen in participants’ cognition alongside their oral health.
However, growing evidence from a number of studies links the body’s inflammatory response to increased rates of cognitive decline, suggesting that it would be worth exploring whether the treatment of gum disease might also benefit the treatment of dementia and Alzheimer’s disease.
Professor Clive Holmes, senior author from the University of Southampton, says: “These are very interesting results which build on previous work we have done that shows that chronic inflammatory conditions have a detrimental effect on disease progression in people with Alzheimer’s disease. Our study was small and lasted for six months so further trials need to be carried out to develop these results. However, if there is a direct relationship between periodontitis and cognitive decline, as this current study suggests, then treatment of gum disease might be a possible treatment option for Alzheimer’s.”
Dr. Mark Ide, first author from the Dental Institute at King’s College London says: “Gum disease is widespread in the UK and US, and in older age groups is thought to be a major cause of tooth loss. In the UK in 2009, around 80 percent of adults over 55 had evidence of gum disease, whilst 40 percent of adults aged over 65-74 (and 60 percent of those aged over 75) had less than 21 of their original 32 teeth, with half of them reporting gum disease before they lost teeth.
“A number of studies have shown that having few teeth, possibly as a consequence of earlier gum disease, is associated with a greater risk of developing dementia. We also believe, based on various research findings, that the presence of teeth with active gum disease results in higher body-wide levels of the sorts of inflammatory molecules which have also been associated with an elevated risk of other outcomes such as cognitive decline or cardiovascular disease. Research has suggested that effective gum treatment can reduce the levels of these molecules closer to that seen in a healthy state.
“Previous studies have also shown that patients with Alzheimer’s disease have poorer dental health than others of similar age and that the more severe the dementia the worse the dental health, most likely reflecting greater difficulties with taking care of oneself as dementia becomes more severe.”